A Brief History of Italy
Widely regarded alongside Greece as the birthplace of modern civilisation, Italy is renowned for its fine art, exquisite cuisine, stunning architecture and a history that deserves to be explored to the fullest.
Located in the Mediterranean Sea and bordering France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia, Italy has so often found itself in the midst of a pivotal part of world history. The country’s location has seen its inhabitants involved with Greece, the Renaissance and of course, the Roman Empire, and all the while making major improvements to the world. Over the centuries, Italy has been subject to multiple invasions from foreign forces. The country’s unique position was desirable to the French, Turkish, English and just about every other major European nation at one point or another. Despite various nations’ attempts to pillage and devastate the land, Italy remained a nation that would make many worthwhile contributions to themselves and the world in general.
Unified as a nation in 1861, Italy developed its own unique identity in the world. Home to fabulous collections of art and literature, Italy now features more UNESCO World Heritage Sites than any other country, with only China and Spain coming close to their record of 50. Italy has set itself apart with a mixture of grand architecture and vivid scenery that has compelled tourists for decades.
Many of the world’s most iconic monuments are found here. The Colosseum, Florence Cathedral and Pantheon merely scratch the surface of Italian architecture. With many regions previously being split into city states, these historical sites are not restricted to the ever popular capital, Rome, and imbue the country with a sense of wonder and intrigue.
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